There are several diseases of the eye that can lead to low vision or blindness. At the Central Association for the Blind and Visually Impaired (CABVI), our goal is to help people gain a better understanding of their eye disease, and what can be done to help them make the most of their remaining vision or adapt to their vision loss. At CABVI, we believe in empowering people to realize their full potential, and we achieve this by offering a complete range of services focused on helping people grow personally and professionally.
The most common eye diseases or disorders that lead to either low vision or blindness include macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma, retinitis pigmentosa and cataracts. Below is a brief description of each disease:
- Macular Degeneration: According to the U.S. Library of Medicine (NLM), macular degeneration is the leading cause of vision loss in Americans over the age of 60. This disease destroys central vision, which is needed to see objects clearly and to drive and read. Treatment can slow, but not restore, vision loss.
- Diabetic Retinopathy: NLM explains that over time, too-high blood sugar levels can lead to eye damage, and the most common problem arising from this is diabetic retinopathy. The damage takes place in the tiny blood vessels of the eye. In American adults, this disease is a leading cause of blindness.
- Glaucoma: Glaucoma is caused when the pressure of fluid inside the eye rises, and in doing so damages the optic nerve. NLM says that without treatment, glaucoma causes people to lose peripheral vision at first, like looking through a tunnel. Eventually their straight-ahead vision decreases to the point of blindness.
- Retinitis Pigmentosa: According to NLM, retinitis pigmentosa is a grouping of related disorders that cause progressive vision loss. The loss occurs in the light-sensing cells of the retina, which gradually deteriorate. Night vision is lost first, usually in childhood, with legal blindness occurring by adulthood.
- Cataracts: Per NLM, a cataract is a clouding of the eye lens and affects a person’s vision. Cataracts are common in older people, and by 80, more than half of Americans either have a cataract or have had cataract surgery. Cataracts can cause blurry vision, faded color sight, halos, poor night vision and double vision.
CABVI offers services and products for people with Blindness and Vision Loss.
Whether you yourself have any one of the above-mentioned, or you have a child, elderly parent or another loved one who could benefit from our services, you will find that we offer a comprehensive list of services meant to enhance the lives of people who are blind or visually impaired. Our services include:
- How to Access Services
- Low Vision Care
- Vision Rehabilitation Therapy
- Orientation & Mobility
- Adjusting to Vision Loss
- Children’s Services
- Pre-School Vision Screenings
- Technology Services
- Services for Students Who Are Visually Impaired
- Products for People Who Are Visually Impaired
- Visual Impairment Aids
- Free Services for People Who Are Blind
- Reading Service for People Who Are Blind
CABVI wants to help all people who are blind or visually impaired reach their full potential. Resources and services can help you maintain your independence, regardless of your Blindness or Vision Loss. If you need more information on the various forms of eye disease and how CABVI can help, please visit our offices at 507 Kent St., Utica, New York 13501, or call us toll-free at 1-877-719-9996.